AJOA Papers, Reports & Submissions
Note: The Australian Judicial Officers Association was formerly known as the Judicial Conference of Australia until March 2021. The publications listed below that were produced prior to this date reflect the old name of the Association.
The Impact on Australian and New Zealand Courts of the COVID-19 Pandemic: May-June 2020
In response to a request from the International Association of Judges, of which the Judicial Conference of Australia is a member, the JCA prepared two reports on the impact on Australian courts of the COVID-19 pandemic. One of them reports on the impact on courts as at May 2020, which can be read here. The other reports on legal reforms relevant to the Australian judiciary approved in order to cope with the COVID-19 pandemic, which can be read here. In addition, the Judges Association of New Zealand has also prepared a report on the impact on New Zealand courts of the COVID-19 pandemic, which can be read here, and a report on legal reforms relevant to the New Zealand judiciary in response to the COVID-19 pandemic, which can be read here.
Temporary Judicial Officers in Australia Report: May 2017
A report prepared for the Judicial Conference of Australia by Associate Professor Gabrielle Appleby, Associate Professor Suzanne Le Mire, Professor Andrew Lynch and Professor Brian Opeskin. To read the report, click here.
The Dogs Bark but the Caravan Rolls on: Extra Judicial Responses to Criticism: May 2017
The President of the JCA, Justice Robert Beech-Jones, presented to a conference of South Australian magistrates on 8 May 2017. To read the address, click here.
Background Paper on Social Media and the Courts and Tribunals: May 2016
The JCA, in conjunction with the AIJA, conducted a Symposium on Social Media and the Courts and Tribunals in May 2016. A Background Paper was prepared for the Symposium and it can be accessed by clicking here.
Is Access to Justice a Right or a Service?: June 2015
Justice Steven Rares, President of the JCA, presented a paper at the ‘Access to Justice – Taking the Next Steps’ Symposium held on 26 June 2015 at Monash University, organised jointly by the Australian Centre for Justice Innovation and the Australasian Institute of Judicial Administration. To view the paper, entitled ‘Is Access to Justice a Right or a Service?’, please click here.
Judicial Appointments Comparative Study
The processes for appointment of judicial officers is a matter of interest to members of the JCA. The JCA’s Governing Council initiated the preparation of a report to record the various processes for appointment throughout Australia and in other comparable jurisdictions. The report is now complete. It considers all of the Australian jurisdictions in terms of:
- Authority to appoint
- Eligibility for appointment
- Criteria for appointment
- The selection process
To view the 1st edition of the report, please click here.
More recent developments
After publication of this paper, an article entitled “Facing up to Diversity? Transparency and the Reform of Commonwealth Judicial Appointments 2008 – 13” by Elizabeth Handsley and Andrew Lynch has been published in the Sydney Law Review, vol 37(2). To read this article, click here. More recently, in October 2015, the Queensland Attorney General has issued a Discussion Paper as part of a review of the judicial appointments process in Queensland. To view this discussion paper click here. As a result of these developments, and some changes in the Australian Capital Territory in regard to the appointment of Supreme Court judges, the JCA has published an updated version of its paper. To view this updated version, click here.
Judges in Vice-Regal Roles: September 2014
A report prepared for the Judicial Conference of Australia by Rebecca Ananian-Welsh of the University of Queensland and Professor George Williams, AO of the University of New South Wales. To read a copy of this report click here.
An article based on this report has been published in the Federal Law Review, entitled ‘Judges in Vice-Regal Roles’. To read the article, click here.
Judicial Independence from the Executive: July 2014
A report prepared for the Judicial Conference of Australia by Professor George Williams, AO & Rebecca Ananian-Welsh of the University of New South Wales on judicial independence is now available. To read a copy of this report click here.
An article based on this report has been published in the Monash University Law Review, entitled ‘Judicial Independence from the Executive: A First-Principles Review of the Australian Cases’. To read the article, click here.
Judge for Yourself: A Guide to Sentencing in Australia
This booklet has been prepared by the Judicial Conference of Australia as a resource for the public. This booklet’s purpose is to provide, in accessible language, a guide to the sentencing of offenders in Australia. To read the guide, click here.
Working with the Media: a Handbook for Australian Judicial Officers
This handbook provides basic information in order to assist judicial officers to understand better how the media works and to appreciate the factors that tend to motivate journalists in their dealings with courts. This publication is only available to members of the JCA.
Enquiries may be directed to the Secretariat at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Speech by Justice Philip McMurdo to the Supreme and Federal Courts Judges’ Conference, Darwin, 9 July 2014
Justice Philip McMurdo, the President of the Judicial Conference of Australia, delivered a speech at the Supreme and Federal Courts Judges’ Conference, held in Darwin, on 9th July 2014. To read a copy of that speech click here.
Judicial Officers’ Retirement Benefits, July 2012
The JCA has published a Position Paper on Judicial Officers’ Retirement Benefits. To read a copy of the paper, click here.
JCA submission to the Senate Standing Committee’s inquiry into the Migration Amendment (Removal of Mandatory Minimum Penalties) Bill 2012
To view the JCA’s submission to the Committee’s inquiry into the Migration Amendment (Removal of Mandatory Minimum Penalties) Bill 2012, click here.
JCA submission to the Senate Standing Committee’s inquiry related to complaints of judicial behaviour, 2012
The following submissions were made in response to a request from the Senate Standing Committee on Legal and Constitutional Affairs, which invited the Judicial Conference of Australia to provide written submissions to two inquiries.
To view the JCA’s submission to the Committee’s inquiry into the Courts Legislation Amendment (Judicial Complaints) Bill 2012 and the Judicial Misbehaviour and Incapacity (Parliamentary Commissions) Bill 2012, click here.
JCA View of Sentencing, 2011
To read the JCA view of sentencing, click here.
Time for Judgment Writing Report, August 2010
In late 2008, the Judicial Research Project of Flinders University provided the Judicial Conference of Australia (JCA) with a brief report based on the 2007 National Survey of Australian Judges and the 2007 National Survey of Australian Magistrates.
This further report expands on that earlier material, incorporating further analysis of survey data as well as material from the courts and a literature review. It considers the entire judiciary as well as distinguishing the views or experiences of judges and magistrates or judges in different types of courts, where appropriate.
Complaints Against Judicial Officers Project, December 2009 & January 2010
The Judicial Conference of Australia supports and promotes the adoption by each jurisdiction (subject to s. 72 issues insofar as federal judges are concerned) of a structured system of dealing with complaints against judicial officers, such system being based on that of the New South Wales Judicial Commission with such modifications as are appropriate for each Australian jurisdiction, given differences in size and financial circumstances.
The Judicial Conference of Australia has contributed to the ongoing debate and resolution of issues in regards to the handling of complaints against judicial officers. A committee, chaired by Justice David Harper AM of the Court of Appeal of the Supreme Court of Victoria, produced two reports.
An addendum to the second of these reports, reflecting the recent report of the Australian Senate’s Legal and Constitutional Affairs References Committee, was also written.
To read the reports, please click here.